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3 edition of Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system found in the catalog.

Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system

United States

Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system

Hearing before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism, and Property Rights ... first session, June 13, 2001 (S. hrg)

by United States

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Published by For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., [Congressional Sales Office] .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Number of Pages111
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7380457M
ISBN 100160685133
ISBN 109780160685132

The death penalty can be sought for any intentional murder committed during the course of a felony, and the "intent" to commit murder can be formed instantaneously before the killing without premeditation. This results in enormous discretion in determining when to .


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Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

RACIAL AND GEOGRAPHIC DISPARITIES IN THE FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY SYSTEM. Date(s) Held: th Congress, 1st Session. GPO Document Source: CHRGshrg Superintendents of Documents ID: Y 4.J 89/2.

Witnesses. Racial And Geographic Disparities In The Federal Death Penalty System [United States Congress Senate Committee] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

The BiblioGov Project is an effort to expand awareness of the public documents and records of the U.S. Government via print publications.

In broadening the public understanding of government and its work. Get this from a library. Racial and geographic Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system book in the federal death penalty system: hearing before the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Federalism, and Property Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, first session, J [United States.

Congress. Senate. Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system book Committee on the Judiciary. The study documented geographic disparities in the prosecution of death cases in Maryland and concluded that prosecutorial discretion was a key factor in determining who receives the death penalty.

For example, prosecutors in Baltimore County were 13 times more likely to seek the death penalty than those in Baltimore City, Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system book state's largest city. The criminal justice system is controlled and dominated by whites, although the re-cipients of punishment, including the death penalty, are disproportionately black.

The death penalty is a symbol of state control and white control over blacks. Black males who present a threatening and defiant personae are the favorites of those ad-Cited by: The federal death penalty is plagued by two important types of disparity.

One is racial: as of last year, nearly half of federal death row inmates (28 of Racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system book were black.

The other is geographic: out of the 94 federal districts, just 16 have produced 75 percent of the death sentences, and nine have produced nearly half.

Federal death row is no different. There are 63 people on federal death row, and 37 are people of color. Twenty-seven of these individuals are black.

[iii] Several reviews of the federal death penalty have found troubling racial disparities in charging, plea bargaining, sentencing, and executions.

[iv] For example, a review conducted by the. Garza would have been the first federal inmate to be executed since Furman until Clinton in December further postponed the execution in order to examine “racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system.” Despite the study, the president eventually denied Garza’s application for clemency and the court declined to.

While the current federal death penalty statute has been on the books sinceand was expanded inno one has been put to death as a result of it. The last federal execution was 37 years ago. “If society were indeed forced to choose between a racially discriminatory death penalty (one that provides heightened protection against murder ‘for whites only’) and no death penalty at all, the choice mandated by the Constitution would be plain.” —U.S.

Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens, dissenting opinion in McCleskey v. Kemp (). Racial discrimination and the death penalty has been a matter of scholarly interest since the s.

The nation's legal system has been aware of the issue since the civil rights movement of the s. Every court that has addressed the issue has condemned the idea of race influencing the administration of the death penalty.

The courts agreeFile Size: 2MB. On Septem a review of the federal death penalty by the United States Department of Justice found numerous racial and geographic disparities. The report revealed that 80% of the cases submitted by federal prosecutors for death penalty review in the past five years have involved racial minorities as defendants.

Both the legal rules and the administrative procedures that currently govern federal capital cases incorporate extensive safeguards against any influence of racial or ethnic bias or prejudice.

The main features of the existing system are as follows: A. FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY LAW. The federal cases in which a defendant is eligible for a capital.

Although earlier empirical evidence has suggested a consistent pattern of race-related differential sentencing, Russell's study is the first to demonstrate that the death qualification tends to eliminate moderate attitudes and concentrate racial bias in death penalty juries.

The Death Penalty and Racial Bias suggests a clear direction for Cited by: 6. Study Reveals Geographic Disparities in Death Sentencing Among Alabama Counties The Equal Justice Initiative examined death sentences imposed in Alabama counties since and found surprising differences between counties in the rate of sentencing people to death.

The federal courts have taken their cue from McCleskey and have not granted relief based on a racial application of the death penalty in any case When such claims of racial bias are raised in civil rights suits alleging employment or housing discrimination, civil rights legislation instructs the courts to employ a more commonsensical burden.

Clinton Delays Federal Execution give the Justice Department more time to gather and properly analyze information about racial and geographic disparities in the federal death penalty system. A report by the United States Justice Department has found wide racial disparities in the way the death penalty is sought for federal crimes.

The report, which was ordered by the US Attorney General, Janet Reno, found that blacks and Hispanics accounted for more than two thirds of criminals recommended for execution under federal death penalty rules.

Racial Disparities in Federal Death Penalty Prosecutions "Twenty years have passed since this Court declaredthat the death penalty must be imposed fairly, and with reasonable consistency, or not at all, and, despite the effort of the states and courts to.

In a report, the non-partisan U.S. General Accounting Office found “a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing, and imposition of the death penalty.” The study concluded that a defendant was several times more likely to be sentenced to death if the murder victim was white.

ARTICLE: THE RACIAL GEOGRAPHY OF THE FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY NAME: G. Ben Cohen* & Robert J. Smith+ BIO: * Of Counsel for the Capital Appeals Project in New Orleans, Louisiana. + Counsel for the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice at Harvard Law School, and Scholar in Residence at the University of Colorado-Boulder Law School.

The request cites "unequal application of the federal death penalty along racial and geographic lines, and the procedural safeguards that Mr. Garza was denied in the sentencing phase of his trial.". WOMEN AND THE DEATH PENALTY: RACIAL DISPARITIES AND DIFFERENCES HARRY GREENLEE, ESQ.* SHELIA P.

GREENLEE, PH.D.** ABSTRACT The death penalty in America has been studied, discussed, and written about extensively. The vast majority of researchers, however, have focused their study of the death penalty, or capital punishment, on male by: 1.

Race and Jury Selection. Race was raised as an issue in the criminal justice debate when the U.S. Supreme Court held in Batson ky () that a prosecutor who strikes a disproportionate number of citizens of the same race in selecting a jury is required to rebut the inference of discrimination by showing neutral reasons for the strikes.

In Miller-El v. RACE AND THE FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY: A NONEXISTENT PROBLEM GETS WORSE Kevin McNally* INTRODUCTION: THE FEDERAL DEATH PENALTY BEFORE FURMAN Historically, the federal death penalty resulted in executions in roughly the same percentage as racial groups in the population.2 Be.

A U.S. Justice Department study has found wide racial and geographic disparities in the federal government's requests for the death penalty. Minorities were far more likely to. As for racial disparity in the death penalty, the reality is radically different from people’s stereotypes.

Black offenders are less likely to get a death sentence than white offenders. Those most effected by the war on drugs are black people and their communities. In the book it stated that the incarceration rate at the federal and state level increased % over just a 12 year time frame.

Also, the book stated that black drug offenders make up 46% of those arrested for drugs after the war on drugs began. Federal death-row case casts spotlight on racial injustices Citing a recent study showing racial and geographic disparities in the federal death-penalty system, Mr.

Geographic + Relational factors and likelihood of death penalty charge -Significant geographic disparities within regions/states in likelihood of death penalty -Strangers to their victims are more likely to face death penalty charges than are those who were acquainted or related to their victims.

2. geographic disparities in death sentencing rates since the mids have tended to neutralize the effect of geographic disparities in the rates that prosecutors advance cases to a penalty trial (The Disposition of Nebraska Capital and Non-Capital Homicide Cases (): A Legal and Empirical Analysis, Octo ).

Racial Discrimination in the Death Penalty The death penalty is a punishment in which a person is executed for having committed a serious crime. This punishment has been carried out in many different ways all over the world and has been around for many centuries. [Show full abstract] federal capital punishment as it is currently administered, updating statistics regarding racial and geographic disparity from his article "The Federal Death Penalty.

Attempts to eliminate such bias while keeping the death penalty in place have repeatedly failed. It’s time to end the death penalty – a practice so closely tied to the history of racial oppression in the U.S.

– and to address racial disparities in the broader justice system. Unchecked by the judiciary, the death penalty's racial discrepancy survived and thrived. Eleven years after McCleskey, Baldus studied homicides in Philadelphia between and and found.

By addressing the unique geography, we identify a possible explanation for the racial distortions in the federal death penalty: that federal death sentences are sought disproportionately where the expansion of the venire from the county to the district level has a dramatic demographic impact on the racial make-up of the jury.

geography in death sentencing in California. The authors reviewed all homicides that occurred in California fromusing records from the FBI and Vital Statistics. During this period, death sentences were returned (close to half the number of people currently on death row in California).

The study finds that race and ethnicity of victim. capital punishment, imposition of a penalty of death by the state. History Capital punishment was widely applied in ancient times; it can be found (c BC) in the Code of the fall of Rome to the beginnings of the modern era, capital punishment was practiced throughout Western Europe.

Racial Disparity and the Death Penalty Jeanine Clark PHI Namoi Sanderovsky July 2, Penalty Racial Disparity and the Death Penalty We should, generally, want fairness in all areas of public policy.

We should especially want fairness with regard to the death penalty, since the stakes are so high. It's the racial disparities throughout the entire process: African Americans are simultaneously the people most affected by death-penalty cases, and the people least likely to have a say in them.

World Socialist Pdf Site system in which arbitrary results are produced by long-standing racial bias and geographic disparity.” are over-represented in the federal death penalty system Author: Frank Gaglioti.

Clinton administration officials cited both lack of death penalty clemency procedures and concerns about racial and geographic disparities in imposition of the federal death penalty as reasons for the postponement.

Responsibility for the delay in the clemency procedures' regulations is disputed.Reflect on Racial Disparities ebook the Federal Criminal Justice System” were published previously, under the title “Prosecutorial Discretion and Racial Disparities in Federal Sentencing: Some Views of Former U.S.

Attorneys,” authored by Lynn Lu, and.